The Center for Big Bend Studies, a department of Sul Ross State University in Alpine, Texas, was contracted by the National Park Service to prepare an Archaeological Overview and Assessment (O&A) of Lake Meredith National Recreation Area and the adjoining Alibates Flint Quarries National Monument (the combined NPS properties are referred to jointly as LAMR in the O&A). The major tasks of the O&A included evaluation of the history of archaeological work at LAMR, listing and summarizing known cultural resources, outlining research topics for future investigations, and making recommendations for continued implementation of the cultural resources management plan. Research was carried out from 2010 to 2011, and the O&A was published in 2012.
To carry out the O&A, external datasets were combined to form a database of LAMR archaeological sites and investigations. Key management information was queried from the external data sources including site content, archaeological time periods, site documentation histories, research values, and eligibility recommendations for the National Register of Historic Places. Data were gathered for most sites and conflicting site designations were addressed. The resulting database provides information for 548 known sites within LAMR. Conflicts and discrepancies were identified—most were rectified, and some were not. Updated maps of site locations and project areas were produced, and a comprehensive bibliography and project database was developed. Research topics relevant to LAMR cultural resources were designed to aid in site assessments and to increase information recovery from cultural resources management projects. Management recommendations include standardization of data collection protocols, a program of site condition assessments, and maintenance of the Archeological Sites Management Information System (ASMIS).